Philodendron Brasil Care: How to Care for Philodendron Brasil

Philodendron brasil is the easiest houseplant to grow and maintain at home. It can tolerate a wide range of conditions and neglect without becoming fussy. But proper philodendron brasil care will result in successful growth.

Philodendron brasil care involves the provision of bright indirect sunlight, well-draining soil, average humidity, room temperatures, and regular feeding during spring and summer. Besides that, it is less vulnerable to pests and diseases.

The information in this article covers everything you need to know about philodendron brasil benefits and care. Keep reading to learn how to make your philodendron brasil beautiful and bushy in the long run.

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What Does Philodendron Brasil Look Like?

The philodendron brasil is a popular type of heartleaf philodendron. It has dark green heart-shaped leaves with splashes of lime-green variegation.

The houseplant has a close resemblance to the Brazilian flag. It is the best option for hanging baskets and tabletops due to its long-lasting impressions.

This eye-catching tropical foliage plant has vines that can reach 10 to 20 ft long. The philodendron brasil hails from the Caribbean and Central America.

The tropical plant is mildly toxic to pets and humans if ingested. Always keep the plant away from pets and children to avoid destruction.

Philodendron Brasil Care Details

OriginCaribbean and Central America
Scientific NamePhilodendron hederaceum brasil
Common NameVariegated heartleaf philodendron and philodendron brasil.
Light RequirementsBright indirect sunlight. It can also tolerate low light conditions.
Watering NeedsPrefers consistent soil moisture. Water when 2-3 inches of topsoil is dry.
Soil RequirementsFertile and well-draining. Combine equal parts of peat moss and perlite.
Temperature Range60-86oF (15-30oC).  Low temperatures will trigger dormancy.
Humidity RequirementsPrefer average to high humidity.
FloweringIndoor philodendron brasil does not flower
PruningRemove old or damaged leaves and leggy vines to control their size.
PropagationStem cuttings through soil or water.
Re-pottingDuring springtime when it displays root-bound signs.
Pests and DiseasesPests: Aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, gnats, and scales. Diseases: Bacterial leaf spot and fungi
ToxicityMild toxic to pets and humans.
Maximum Growth (Approx.)6-36 inches tall and 12-36 inches wide.

How to Care for Philodendron Brasil

Philodendron Brasil Soil Requirements

The variegated heartleaf philodendron is an epiphytic plant that can thrive on tree canopies without the need for traditional soil.

The trait allows the tropical plant to thrive in a loose and well-draining potting mix with better water retention. Combine equal parts of peat moss, potting soil, and perlite.

Add organic matter to boost the potting medium fertility. The soil condition will make your philodendron brasil look beautiful and bushy.

Philodendron Brasil Light Requirements

The variegated heartleaf philodendron prefers bright indirect sunlight to thrive. But it can also tolerate low-lighting conditions for a shorter period.

I recommend placing your tropical plant near east and west-facing windows to enjoy the natural light. Ensure the windows have sheer curtains to reduce the sunlight intensity.

Direct sunlight exposure will scorch the leaves and even kill the plant. Besides that, low light conditions will make your philodendron brasil lose its variegation and colors.

Use artificial light when the tropical plant is grown near north-facing windows or locations not receiving sufficient sunlight.

Philodendron Brasil Watering Needs

Philodendron brasil hates being overwatered. It thrives in a soil condition with consistent and even moisture. Besides that, it does not become fussy due to water issues.

Excess soil moisture will result in root rot which slows their growth and cause smaller leaves. It can also make your philodendron brasil leaves turn yellow.

Inconsistent watering habits will make your philodendron cultivar droopy. Philodendron brasil leaves turning brown and wilting are other signs of under-watering.

Always inspect the soil moisture content before watering your favorite plant. Water your variegated heartleaf philodendron when 2-3 inches of topsoil is dry.

Philodendron Brasil Humidity Requirements

This tropical plant requires low maintenance when compared to others. It can tolerate extreme indoor humidity without becoming fussy.

Philodendron brasil appreciates average to high humidity levels. The air conditions enable the plant to stay happy and healthy for an extended period.

Avoid indoor heating during winter to protect the leaves from developing brown edges and tips. I recommend using an electric humidifier to boost the indoor humidity level.

Philodendron Brasil Temperature Requirements

Temperature is another crucial element in philodendron brasil care. This tropical foliage plant can tolerate room temperature without struggling.

But a temperature range of 60-86oF (15-30oC) will make your philodendron brasil thrive and become more comfortable. Avoid any temperature below 50oF (13oC) due to frost conditions.

Ensure the indoor temperature is warm and humid throughout the year. Keep your tropical foliage plant away from cold and hot drafts.

Philodendron Brasil Fertilizer Applications

Philodendron brasil plants are light feeders when compared to other tropical houseplants. But fertilizer nutrients enhance fast growth and bushy appearance.

Use a diluted all-purpose fertilizer to feed your philodendron brasil every month during spring and summer. Do not apply fertilizer to your plant during winter due to the dormancy issue.

Homemade fertilizers like fish emulsion, worm casting, and slow-release blends are the best option over synthetic fertilizers. Over-fertilization problems are rare with organic fertilizers.

Undernutrition will result in slow growth, small leaf size, and pale new growths. Feel free to read my guide on How to Make Homemade Fertilizer for Houseplants.

Philodendron Brasil Flowers

Potted philodendron brasil does not bloom despite providing rainforest growing conditions. It will take several years before reaching the flowering age.

The blooms aren’t flowers and tend to look like spadix and spathe on peace of lily. I recommend cutting these flowers to conserve energy and maintain a stunning appearance.

Philodendron Brasil Pruning and Maintenance

Philodendron brasil plants are low-maintenance tropical houseplants. Grooming involves the removal of old or damaged leaves and leggy vines to control their size.

Trimming the stems tends to trigger new leaves from the nodes and help create a bushy appearance. Always prune the plant with a sterilized blade during springtime.

How to Re-Pot Philodendron Brasil

Philodendron brasil does not need regular re-potting. It would be best to re-pot this tropical foliage plant when it shows signs of root-bound.

Use a pot slightly larger than the previous one with fresh potting soil. I recommend transplanting philodendron brasil during springtime.

Philodendron Brasil Propagation

Pruning is the best period to propagate philodendron brasil. Stem cutting is the most reliable method for propagating philodendron brasil.

Cut a stem about an inch from the leaf node and ensure it has a leaflet. Dip the end near the leaf node into a rooting hormone solution.

Place the stem cutting in clean water to watch the rooting process. Keep changing water every five days until the roots are fully developed. Transfer into the potting medium to grow.

Provide moderate moisture and bright indirect sunlight to encourage fast growth. It will take about two to four months for the plant to mature. Do not feed juvenile brasil until the roots are established.

Philodendron Brasil Problems and Solutions


Philodendron brasil has glossy and waxy leaves that are less vulnerable to pest infestation. It also experiences fast-growing traits that help recover from the insect infestation.

Spider mites, gnats, scales, mealybugs, and aphids are the leading pests that attack potted philodendron brasil. Always inspect the plant during the watering routine to combat pests early.

Rub the leaves with alcohol to eliminate these sap-sucking creatures. Another option is to use insecticidal soap to kill these insects.


Bacterial leaf spot is the most common disease that attacks philodendron brasil. It occurs due to excess moisture and bacterial or fungal growth.

Allow the potting soil to dry between watering to inhibit bacterial leaf spots. Be sure to isolate the plant to prevent spreading. Provide temperatures of about 21oC and bright indirect sunlight.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Do Philodendron Brasil Like to Be Misted?

Yes. The tropical plant appreciates misting if the indoor air is dry. It helps to boost humidity level around the plant. I recommend misting the leaves twice a week to avoid leaf spot diseases.

Is Philodendron Brasil a Pothos?

No. Philodendron brasil can tolerate low light conditions and variable temperatures unlike the pothos plant. But both pothos and philodendron brasil are vining plants. (Source: University of Illinois)

Why Is My Philodendron Turning Yellow?

Improper soil moisture and low lighting conditions are the potential cause of philodendron leaves turning yellow. Other causes are undernutrition, natural aging, and transplant shock.

Why Is My Philodendron Brasil Dying?

Your philodendron brasil is dying due to overwatering, under-watering, cold temperatures, and direct sunlight exposure. Investigate the plant to identify the exact cause before fixing it.

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Growing and maintaining variegated heartleaf philodendron at home is easy. It is the reason why the plant is highly recommended for beginners without experience.

Philodendron brasil can tolerate harsh conditions and neglect without becoming fussy. But proper indoor philodendron care will result in successful growth.

How to care for philodendron brasil involves the provision of bright indirect sunlight, average humidity, room temperature, and regular feeding during spring and summer.

Feel free to share this philodendron care guide with other houseplant enthusiasts within your circle. Use the comment section to share your experience on philodendron brasil care.