20 Types of Black Spiders (With Pictures & Names)

You might have encountered different types of black spiders in the house, garden, yard, or woodland forest. But it can be challenging to tell whether the spiders are poisonous or not.

Identifying these black spiders will help alleviate the phobia associated with them. Many people associate black spiders with venomous species due to their scary appearance and spikes on the body.

Do not panic when you notice small black spiders scurrying across the floor in your house. This guide will help you identify the most common types of black spiders you’re likely to encounter at home or in the backyard.

How to Identify Black Spiders (Identification Guide)

Identifying black spiders may sound simple, but you need to know a thing or two before concluding. Here are quick tips for identifying types of house spiders:

Body Markings

Most black spiders have an all-black body or black body with colored markings. Black spiders with white stripes on their legs are rare compared to those with all-black bodies.

Hairs or Spikes

The presence of hairs and spikes on the legs or body make black spiders appear dangerous. But these features help scare away potential predators in their habitats.

Number of Legs

Black spiders belong to the Arachnida class since they have eight legs. The black spider legs are longer than the body.

Body Segments

Black spiders have two segments (cephalothorax and abdomen). Most arthropods with two body parts belong to the Arachnida class.

Different Types of Black Spiders with Pictures

Most black spiders belong to different families and species. We recommend using the black spider species for easy identification. (Source: University of Kentucky). Below is a quick list of black spiders with pictures and names:

Wasp Spider (Argiope bruennichi)

It is a black spider with a fuzzy white cephalothorax and yellow banded legs. It can be challenging to differentiate this black spider species from the yellow and black garden.

The wasp spider has straight legs and a stripy body. The female spider grows up to 1.5cm, and the male counterpart can reach 0.4cm long.

The black, yellow, and white bands around the abdomen are the prominent features for identifying wasp spiders. The long spindly legs also have yellow and black bands.

AppearanceWasp spiders have long straight legs with yellow and black bands. The abdomen has white, yellow, and black bands.
Native RegionEurope, North Africa, and parts of Asia.
HabitatGrassland, Farmland, Gardens, Woodland, and Heathland
ThreatNon-aggressive by can sting when threatened.
Unique FactsFemale wasp spiders make the largest egg sacs than other species.

Redback Spider (Latrodectus hasselti)

It is a tiny black spider with red markings on its rounded abdomen. The redback spiders have long spindly back legs and measure about 1cm.

The round abdomen is smooth and black with red or orange markings. These spider species have nasty bites that can cause severe skin pain.

Female redback spiders do not attack people, but they bite if threatened. The red strips on the round and smooth black abdomen are ideal for identification.

AppearanceThe smooth black abdomen has red or orange markings.
Native RegionAustralia
HabitatDark and dry areas like logs or under the rocks.
ThreatCause severe illness and even deaths
Unique FactsMale redback spiders never find a mate

Salticus Palpalis

It is a tiny furry black zebra spider with jumping abilities. The salticus palpalis has an iridescent cephalothorax with shimmering green colors.

These black spiders have eight black furry legs with black spines and markings. The copper-red abdomen with white bands is ideal for easy identification.

A mature salticus palpalis measures about 0.5cm long. These spiders love living in tree trunks and under the rocks near sunny areas.

AppearanceHas a copper-red abdomen with white bands and a shimmering green cephalothorax.
Native RegionNorth America
HabitatTree trunks and rocks in woodlands or heathlands.
ThreatRarely bite and do not carry venom
Unique FactsActive during the daytime due to sunlight.

Purseweb Spider (Atypus affinis)

It is a small spider with a brownish or black body that resembles tiny tarantulas. The shiny bodies do not have red markings underside of the spider.

The purseweb spiders are aggressive with harmless bites. Female black spiders grow up to 1.5cm, and the male counterparts are smaller.

These black spider types dwell under the plant debris and fallen leaves. It can be challenging to spot purseweb spiders in the house.

AppearanceShiny black body with fangs pointing downwards.
Native RegionSouth Tennessee, North Ontario, and Kansas.
HabitatDwell under plant debris and fallen leaves.
ThreatHarmless bites
Unique FactsNot related to wolf spiders despite resembling each other. They are very primitive spider species.

Carolina Wolf Spider (Hogna carolinensis)

It is the largest wolf spider in the United States of America. These spider species have a gray body with black undersides.

The females are bigger than the male spiders. Besides that, female Carolina wolf spiders have all-black bodies with black legs.

AppearanceHas a gray body with black undersides
Native RegionNorth America
HabitatGrasslands, fields, pastures, and deserts
ThreatVenomous bites
Unique FactsLargest among wolf spiders in North America.

Tigrosa Georgicola

It has a black body with brown patterns that resemble the tiger. Tigrosa georgicola spiders live in solitary and do not spin webs.

These black spiders have excellent vision to help the different object colors. They are non-aggressive although they can inject venom when biting.  

AppearanceBlack body with brown patterns resembling a tiger.
Native RegionSouthern USA
HabitatForest floors
ThreatPoisonous bites
Unique FactsDo not spin webs for catching prey

Black Widow Spider (Latrodectus spp.)

It is a tiny black spider has red markings underside, a large round abdomen, and spindly legs. Black widow spiders grow between 0.3cm and 1.0cm long. These spiders have poisonous bites that can damage the central nervous system.

The black spider poison can cause muscle pains, racing heartbeat, muscle spasms, and abdominal cramps. Severe black widow spider bites can cause long-lasting effects.

These black spiders dwell under the woodpiles and can be brought into the building by firewood. They also hide in the cardboard crevices, footwear, and basement.

AppearanceHave a large round body with spindly legs and red markings underside.
Native RegionNorth America, Asia, and South Africa
ThreatPoisonous bites
Unique FactsVenom is 15 times more toxic than rattlesnake poison. Only adult spiders have dangerous bites.

Black House Spider (Badumna insignis)

It is a small black spider with a dark chocolate body and relatively fat legs. Male and female black house spiders have dark bodies and velvet hairs.

These spider species have poisonous bites, although they are less aggressive. A black house spider bite will cause pain and skin irritation.

Black house spiders dwell in the wall crevices, window frames, rough bark trees, woodpiles, and doorway corners. 

AppearanceHave a dark chocolate-gray body with relatively fat legs.
Native RegionAustralia, Japan, and New Zealand
HabitatWoodpiles, rough tree barks, wall crevices, and window frames.
ThreatPoisonous bites.
Unique FactsTimid spiders with infrequent bites.

White-Tailed Spider (Lampona cylindrata)

It has a slender blackish cephalothorax and abdomen with reddish brown legs. The white tip on the abdomen is a prominent feature for easy identification.

White-tailed spiders hail from Australia and dwell in the garden or houses. They prefer darker spots indoors or outdoors. The bites can cause itching, swelling, and pain.

AppearanceBlack thorax and abdomen with reddish brown legs. It also has a white tip on the rear abdomen.
Native RegionAustralia
HabitatGarden and houses
ThreatVenomous bites
Unique FactsVenomous bites that are not dangerous

Noble False Widow (Steatoda nobilis)

It is a tiny brownish-black spider with reddish-brown legs. This small black spider also has a black brown thorax and gray bulbous abdomen with black markings.

Noble false widow spiders are invasive since they can invade homes. The population will increase rapidly to pose danger to humans.

They can give nasty bites that cause severe pain. Noble false widow spiders hail from Europe and they are the most dangerous.

AppearanceBrownish-black spider with reddish-brown legs.
Native RegionEurope
HabitatHouse and garden
ThreatPoisonous bites
Unique FactsResemble the most lethal black widow spiders

Red and Black Spider (Nicodamus peregrinus)

The spider has a black abdomen with a coppery-red thorax that contrasts the red-black legs. These black spider species have long legs and harmless bites.

Red and black spiders hail from Australia. Do not let the vibrant red coloring freak you out since these are among the scariest black spiders that are harmless.

AppearanceHas a black abdomen with coppery-red thorax and red-black legs.
Native RegionAustralia
HabitatGarden and houses
ThreatHarmless bites
Unique FactsFemales can lay over 3500 eggs in their lifetime.

Easter Parson Spider (Herpyllus ecclesiasticus)

It is a medium-sized hairy spider with a black body, reddish-brown legs, and white longitudinal bands in the middle. The harmless bites can cause allergic reactions.

Easter parson spiders dwell in the rocks, logs, and garden debris. These black spiders intrude on the homes during cold weather.

AppearanceHas a black body with white longitudinal bands in the middle and reddish-brown legs.
Native RegionCentral USA
HabitatRocks, logs, and garden debris
ThreatHarmless bites
Unique FactsIt roams on the ground and walls at night in search of insects.

Funeral Wolf Spider

The dark-colored body is the reason for the name. The funeral wolf spiders are native to the United States of America.

A funeral wolf spider has a black head and a shiny black thorax. The abdomen is fully covered with brown hairs and the black legs are translucent.

AppearanceHas a black abdomen with brown hair. The translucent legs have black and brown colors.
Native RegionNorth America
HabitatDense grass, tall shrubs, Leaf litter
ThreatHarmless bites
Unique FactsDo not hunt with webs

Zebra Jumping Spider (Salticus scenicus)

It is a furry black spider with white stripes. These black spider species have fuzzy abdomen, spiny legs, and large eyes.

The black and white zebra-like patterns are the reason for the name. They hunt their prey by stalking and pouncing on them.

AppearanceHave a black furry abdomen with white stripes.
Native RegionPalearctic
HabitatTree trunks, shingles, and rocks
ThreatHarmless bites
Unique FactsDo not use webs to hunt

Bold Jumping Spider (Phidippus audax)

It is a jumping spider with a large round abdomen and gray bands. A juvenile bold jumping spider has orange markings that turn white at maturity.

The black furry spider also has iridescent mouthparts and flat faces. These predator spiders do not use webs to catch the prey.

These black spider species grow up to 1.8cm long with short striped legs. The bold jumping spiders resemble brown recluse spiders.

AppearanceFuzzy brown or black body spiders with iridescent fangs.
Native RegionCanada and west California
HabitatGrassland and open woodlands
ThreatHarmless bites.
Unique FactsUse venom to paralyze prey.

Gray Wall Jumping Spider (Menemerus bivittatus)

It is a hairy black spider with black and gray stripes. Some have white stripes running along the body and their fuzzy legs.

The gray wall jumping spiders measure about 1.2cm long. These oval-shaped black spiders have harmless bites that cause local pain only.

AppearanceHave contrasting gray and black stripes on the body.
Native RegionFlorida, California, Texas, Paraguay
HabitatCrevices of walls
ThreatHarmless bites
Unique FactsThe eyes can focus on objects and detect colors.

Spiny Orb-Weaver Spider (Gasteracantha cancriformis)

It is a colored black spider with a black-spotted abdomen and six spines. The brightly colored disc-like abdomen can also be red, yellow, or white.

Some spiny orb-weaver spiders have a white upper side with red or black spines. These black spiders spin large webs to catch the prey.

AppearanceHave a circular disc-like abdomen with black spots and six spines.
Native RegionCalifornia
HabitatWoodlands and shrubby gardens
ThreatHarmless bites
Unique FactsIntimidating species with harmless bites

Red-Backed Jumping Spider (Phidippus johnsoni)

It is a harmless shiny black spider with black legs, robust cephalothorax, and a bright red abdomen. Female spiders have a central black stripe on the red abdomen.

The red-backed jumping spiders measure about 1.4ccm long. These spiders do not spin webs to catch their prey.

AppearanceContrasting jet-black cephalothorax and bright red abdomen.
Native RegionThe Pacific Ocean, great plains, southern Canada, and northern Mexico
HabitatOak woodlands and coastal dunes
ThreatHarmless bites
Unique FactsMale spiders assist female counterparts in sexual cannibalism

Woodland Giant Wolf Spider (Tigrosa aspersa)

It is the largest wolf spider type that measures about 25mm. The spider has a black thorax, head, and abdomen with yellow markings.

The woodland giant wolf spiders have legs with yellow-brown and black markings. It also has a tiger-like physical appearance.

AppearanceBlack with yellow markings.
Native RegionEastern united states
HabitatRocks, logs, fallen leaves, and plant debris
ThreatHarmless bites
Unique FactsDo not hunt with webs. Chase the prey and pounce on it.

Black and Yellow Garden Spider (Argiope aurantia)

It is a big black spider with an oval black abdomen and yellow markings. The spider also has a white cephalothorax with the identifiable silhouette of an X-shape.

The black and yellow garden spider is also called a zigzag spider, golden garden spider, writing spider, and zipper spider.

AppearanceHas a black body with yellow markings on the abdomen.
Native RegionMaryland
HabitatDense shrubs or houseplants
ThreatHarmless bites
Unique FactsSense prey vibration on the webs

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